Dark Web: The Other Side Of The Internet
Dark web is a collection of internet sites that can only be accessed using a special kind of software. After entering this side of the internet using the special software, users could then access dark websites using a web browser just like in a normal web.
However, due to the anonymous nature of dark web there are a lot of hidden sites that are not indexed by search engines making them accessible only by users that knows the exact site address. The dark web is also a place full of special markets that are referred to as darknet markets wherein illegal trades of drugs and firearms are done using bitcoin cryptocurrency as payment method.
Dark web is also a domain containing assassination markets where anyone with access will be able to request for an assassination at a certain price.
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The fact that dark web users are provided with the advantage of total anonymity, a lot of organizations and individuals use it to stay hidden from the intrusive eyes of law enforcement and the government itself. Dark web whistle blowers on the other hand use the anonymity advantage of the dark web to communicate with journalists and provide useful tips. However, the most common users of the dark web are those groups with illegal dealings such as criminals, terrorists and pedophiles who wants to maintain secrecy in their dealings.
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Entering The Dark Web
Accessing the dark web can be done in several different ways such as the use of Freenet, Tor and I2P software. Among the software being used to access the dark web The Onion Router often called as Tor is one of the most popular as it provides easy access to the darknet. The Tor software is a bundle of software packages which includes web browsers that are configured specifically for use with Tor only.
Using Tor, the user can maintain anonymity as well as secrecy by relaying every network messages to Tor relay networks that are specifically configured computer servers. Because messages hops from node to node, the location of both the sender and the receiver of the message is encrypted as the address only points to the latest node where the message was passed.
Tor uses onion addresses in order to further mask the content of a web address unlike the conventional ones. There are also specialized search engines in the dark web that will return onion addresses in their search results which is specifically designed for use on Tor services.
On the other hand, no matter how encrypted, Tor is not totally anonymous. Accessing the website could still provide potential information access to the users through use of shared information such as email addresses and username of the site users. In cases of individuals who wants to maintain total anonymity, the only way to do so is to use special services that maintains concealment of user identity.